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Towards a reference architecture for early warning systems

: Meissen, U.; Voisard, A.


Xhafa, F. ; IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society -SMC-:
2nd International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, INCOS 2010 : Thessaloniki, Greece, 24 - 26 November 2010; Proceedings; including workshop papers
Piscataway/NJ: IEEE, 2010
ISBN: 978-1-4244-8828-5
ISBN: 978-0-7695-4278-2
International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems (INCOS) <2, 2010, Thessaloniki>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISST ()

Early Warning Systems (EWS) are an essential component of effective disaster management. In the past decade we witnessed the evolvement of highly sophisticated warning systems, in particular for large-scale natural disasters such as floods, storms, and tsunamis. These systems increasingly require the use of advanced information processing for accurate monitoring and prediction as well as targeted alerting under near real-time requirements. Yet, a common reference architecture for such EWS is missing that provides a solid basis for the application of advanced information processing methods. In this paper, we propose a general reference architecture that provides a systematic and common understanding of the functional elements of an EWS solution. Beside providing the foundation for better EWS-specific systems engineering, this architecture can serve as a basis for the identification of application potentials, effective design, implementation, deployment, operation, evolut ion and re-use of computational intelligence modules within an integrated EWS solution.