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Finite volume discretization of equations describing nonlinear diffusion in Li-ion batteries

: Popov, P.; Vutov, Y.; Margenov, S.; Iliev, O.


Dimov, I.:
Numerical methods and applications. Revised papers : 7th International Conference NMA 2010, Borovets, Bulgaria, August 20-24, 2010
Berlin: Springer, 2011 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6046)
ISSN: 0302-9743
ISBN: 3-642-18465-0
ISBN: 978-3-642-18465-9
ISBN: 978-3-642-18466-6
International Conference on Numerical Methods and Applications (NMA) <7, 2010, Borovets>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

Numerical modeling of electrochemical process in Li-Ion battery is an emerging topic of great practical interest. In this work we present a Finite Volume discretization of electrochemical diffusive processes occurring during the operation of Li-Ion batteries. The system of equations is a nonlinear, time-dependent diffusive system, coupling the Li concentration and the electric potential. The system is formulated at length-scale at which two different types of domains are distinguished, one for the electrolyte and one for the active solid particles in the electrode. The domains can be of highly irregular shape, with electrolyte occupying the pore space of a porous electrode. The material parameters in each domain differ by several orders of magnitude and can be nonlinear functions of Li ions concentration and/or the electrical potential. Moreover, special interface conditions are imposed at the boundary separating the electrolyte from the active solid particles. The field variables are discontinuous across such an interface and the coupling is highly nonlinear, rendering direct iteration methods ineffective for such problems. We formulate a Newton iteration for a purely implicit Finite Volume discretization of the coupled system. A series of numerical examples are presented for different type of electrolyte/electrode configurations and material parameters. The convergence of the Newton method is characterized both as function of nonlinear material parameters and the nonlinearity in the interface conditions.