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Bronchoconstriction in nonhuman primates: A species comparison

 
: Seehase, S.; Schlepütz, M.; Switalla, S.; Mätz-Rensing, K.; Kaup, F.J.; Zöller, M.; Schlumbohm, C.; Fuchs, E.; Lauenstein, H.-D.; Winkler, C.; Kuehl, A.R.; Uhlig, S.; Braun, A.; Sewald, K.; Martin, C.

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Journal of applied physiology 111 (2011), No.3, pp.791-798
ISSN: 8750-7587
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
PCLS; lung explants; Marmoset; Macaques; Baboons

Abstract
Bronchoconstriction is a characteristic symptom of various chronic obstructive respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) are a suitable ex vivo model to study physiological mechanisms of bronchoconstriction in different species. In the present study, we established an ex vivo model of bronchoconstriction in non-human primates (NHPs). PCLS prepared from common marmosets, cynomolgus macaques, rhesus macaques, and anubis baboons were stimulated with increasing concentrations of representative bronchoconstrictors: methacholine, histamine, serotonin, leukotriene D4 (LTD4), U46619, and endothelin-1. Alterations in the airway caliber were measured and compared to previously published data from rodents, guinea pigs, and humans. Methacholine induced maximal airway constriction, varying between 74 and 88% in all NHP species, whereas serotonin was ineffective. Histamine induced maximal bronchoconstriction of 77 to 90% in rhesus macaques, cynomolgus macaques, and baboons, and a lesser constriction of 53% in marmosets. LTD4 was ineffective in marmosets and rhesus macaques, but induced a maximum constriction of 44 to 49% in cynomolgus macaques and baboons. U46619 and endothelin-1 caused airway constriction in all NHP species, with maximum constrictions of 65 to 91%, and 70 to 81%, respectively. In conclusion, PCLS from NHPs represent a valuable ex vivo model for studying bronchoconstriction. All NHPs respond to mediators relevant to human airway disorders such as methacholine, histamine, U46619, endothelin-1 and are insensitive to the rodent mast cell product serotonin. Only PCLS from cynomolgus macaques and baboons, however, responded also to leukotrienes, suggesting that among all compared species, these two NHPs resemble the human airway mechanisms best

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-180515.html