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Mechanical properties of epoxy based hybrid composites containing glass beads and alpha, omega-Oligo(butylmethacrylate)diol

: Schröder, N.; Könczöl, L.; Döll, W.; Mülhaupt, R.


Journal of applied polymer science 88 (2003), No.4, pp.1040-1048
ISSN: 0021-8995
ISSN: 1097-4628
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()
epoxy resin; glass bead; hybrid composite; mechanical property; toughening

A novel phase-separating liquid rubber based on oligo(alkylmethacrylate) in combination with microglass beads was used to toughen an anhydride-cured epoxy resin. The resulting hybrid composites containing 5 or 10 wt% of oligomeric liquid rubber and between 10 wt% and 60 wt% glass beads as well as composites containing corresponding amounts of glass beads but no liquid rubber were characterized mechanically. The experimental data show that modification with glass beads results in increased stiffness and toughness compared to the neat resin but reduces tensile strength. Compared to the glass bead filled composites additional modification with methacrylic rubber leads to further increase in toughness and also to an increase in strength but does not alter stiffness and glass transition temperature. This synergistic behavior is explained by the fact that the rubber separat es preferably on the surface of the glass bead forming a core-shell morphology during curing.