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Characterization of PV modules by combining results of mechanical and electrical analysis methods

: Sander, M.; Henke, B.; Schwarz, H.; Dietrich, S.; Schweizer, S.; Ebert, M.; Bagdahn, J.

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-1725944 (14 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 602ac41ba0ac13526c6de380435e3b62
Copyright 2010 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Created on: 16.10.2012

Dhere, N.G. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Reliability of photovoltaic cells, modules, components, and systems III : 3 - 5 August 2010, San Diego, California, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2010 (Proceedings of SPIE 7773)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8269-3
Paper 777308
Reliability of Photovoltaic Cells, Modules, Components, and Systems Conference <3, 2010, San Diego/Calif.>
Solar Energy and Technology Symposium <2010, San Diego/Calif.>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWM ()
Fraunhofer CSP ()

Photovoltaic modules (PV modules) are supposed to have a lifetime of more than 20 years under various environmental conditions like temperature changes, mechanical loads, etc. Common outdoor exposure may influence efficiency and lifetime which necessitates assessment of PV module performance and detection of output deficits. For this purpose reliable and nondestructive testing methods are desirable. Commercially available PV modules were tested by different analysis methods. The PV module's electrical properties were investigated by thermography and electroluminescence measurements. The combination of these two techniques is well-suited to detect many cell and module defects. A crystalline module showed significant cell breakage after temperature cycle test. To observe the mechanisms of this specific defect type laminated test specimens on smaller scales were produced and analyzed over production process and during temperature cycles derived from the international stand ards IEC 61215 and IEC 61646. The defect study on small scales allows conclusions about the defect's influence on larger PV modules. Further methods capable for mechanical characterization like Laser Doppler vibrometry, surface geometry scan and digital image correlation are presented briefly. The combination of the methods mentioned above allows a very precise assessment of the mechanical and electrical capability which is essential for reliability and lifetime concepts.