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Simulation of fatigue crack growth under large scale yielding conditions

: Schweizer, C.; Seifert, T.; Riedel, H.

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Skrotzki, W.:
15th International Conference on the Strength of Materials, ICSMA 2009 : Dresden, Germany, 16 - 21 August 2009
Red Hook, NY: Curran, 2010 (Journal of physics. Conference series 240)
ISBN: 978-1-617-38806-4
ISSN: 1742-6588
pp.198-201 (Art. 012043)
International Conference on the Strength of Materials (ICSMA) <15, 2009, Dresden>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWM ()

A simple mechanism based model for fatigue crack growth assumes a linear correlation between the cyclic crack-tip opening displacement (CTOD) and the crack growth increment (da/dN). The objective of this work is to compare analytical estimates of CTOD with results of numerical calculations under large scale yielding conditions and to verify the physical basis of the model by comparing the predicted and the measured evolution of the crack length in a 10%-chromium-steel. The material is described by a rate independent cyclic plasticity model with power-law hardening and Masing behavior. During the tension-going part of the cycle, nodes at the crack-tip are released such that the crack growth increment corresponds approximately to the crack-tip opening. The finite element analysis performed in ABAQUS is continued for so many cycles until a stabilized value of CTOD is reached. The analytical model contains an interpolation formula for the J-integral, which is generalized to account for cyclic loading and crack closure. Both simulated and estimated CTOD are reasonably consistent. The predicted crack length evolution is found to be in good agreement with the behavior of microcracks observed in a 10%-chromium steel.