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Phonon emission induced dynamic fracture phenomena

: Atrash, F.; Hashibon, A.; Gumbsch, P.; Sherman, D.


Physical review letters 106 (2011), No.8, Art. 085502, 4 pp.
ISSN: 0031-9007
ISSN: 1079-7114
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()

We use molecular dynamics simulations to calculate the phonon energy emitted during rapid crack propagation in brittle crystals. We show that this energy is different for different crack planes and propagation directions and that it is responsible for various phenomena at several length scales: energetically preferred crack systems and crack deflection at the atomic scale, reduced maximum crack speed with volume at the micrometer scale, and the inability of a crack to attain the theoretical limiting speed at the macroscale. We propose to include the contribution of this energy in the Freund equation of motion of a dynamically propagating crack.