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Multiscale modeling for ferroelectric materials: A transition from the atomic level to phase-field modeling

: Völker, B.; Marton, P.; Elsässer, C.; Kamlah, M.


Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics 23 (2011), No.5, pp.435-451
ISSN: 0935-1175
ISSN: 1432-0959
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()

To link the atomic level and the mesoscale within a knowledge-based multiscale modeling approach for ferroelectric materials, a method is suggested to transfer results from first-principles calculations into a phase-field model. DFT calculations and atomistic simulations are applied and provide a set of intrinsic and extrinsic material properties for PbTiO3 and tetragonal Pb(Zr0.5Ti0.5)O3. The Helmholtz free energy of the phase-field model that contains all crystallographic and domain wall information is discussed in detail, and a sensitivity analysis is performed to identify the coefficients of the energy function. Then, a method is developed to adjust the coefficients of the Helmholtz free energy solely based on results from first-principles calculations. Full sets of adjusted energy coefficients for PbTiO3 and Pb(Zr0.5Ti0.5)O3 are presented and discussed, as well the limits of the suggested adjustment method.