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Multi-body dynamics simulation of geometrically exact Cosserat rods

: Lang, H.; Linn, J.; Arnold, M.


Multibody system dynamics 25 (2011), No.3, pp.285-312
ISSN: 1384-5640
ISSN: 1573-272X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

In this paper, we present a viscoelastic rod model that is suitable for fast and accurate dynamic simulations. It is based on Cosserats geometrically exact theory of rods and is able to represent extension, shearing (stiff dof), bending and torsion (soft dof). For inner dissipation, a consistent damping potential proposed by Antman is chosen. We parametrise the rotational dof by unit quaternions and directly use the quaternionic evolution differential equation for the discretisation of the Cosserat rod curvature. The discrete version of our rod model is obtained via a finite difference discretisation on a staggered grid. After an index reduction from three to zero, the right-hand side function f and the Jacobian f/(q,v,t) of the dynamical system q=v,v=f(q,v,t) is free of higher algebraic (e.g. root) or transcendental (e.g. trigonometric or exponential) functions and, therefore, cheap to evaluate. A comparison with Abaqus finite element results demonstrates the correct m echanical behaviour of our discrete rod model. For the time integration of the system, we use well established stiff solvers like Radau5 or Daspk. As our model yields computational times within milliseconds, it is suitable for interactive applications in virtual reality as well as for multi-body dynamics simulation.