Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Groundwater contaminations - The use of LC-NMR and LC-MS to characterize the scope of polar contaminants

: Preiss, A.; Elend, M.; Gerling, S.; Berger-Preiss, E.; Reineke, A.-K.; Hollender, J.


Prats R.D.; Brebbia, C.A.:
Water pollution IX : edited papers presented at the Ninth International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Water Pollution, Alicante, 2008
Southampton: WIT Press, 2008 (WIT transactions on ecology and the environment 111)
ISBN: 1-8456-4115-9
ISBN: 978-1-8456-4115-3
International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Water Pollution <9, 2008, Alicante>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

Organic pollutants that are released into the environment are subjected to various chemical, photochemical and microbiological transformation processes. As a result, a variety of new and unexpected transformation products can be formed and, as a rule, they are more polar than the parent compounds. While the parent compounds and some of their known metabolites are analyzed with optimized analytical methods (target analysis) unknown transformation products and metabolites have often been overlooked in the past. Today, the combined use of LC-NMR and LC-MS techniques offer the possibility to identify unknown compounds in environmental samples routinely (non-target analysis). General aspects of this new analytical approach are discussed and examples of application are reported, which cover the characterization of polar explosives and related compounds in groundwater samples from ammunition waste sites. Via the example of biodegradation of mononitrotoluenes, it is further sho wn how non-target analysis can complement the investigation of the fate of environmental pollutants.