Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Gesundheitliche Effekte der Feinstaubbelastung aktueller wissenschaftlicher Kenntnisstand

Health effects of particulate matter exposure: Current scientific knowledge
: Groneberg, D.A.; Morfeld, P.; Kraus, T.; Köhler, D.; Krug, N.; Magnussen, H.; Nowak, D.; Rabe, K.F.; Schultze-Werninghaus, G.; Schulz, H.; Teschler, H.; Vogelmeier, C.; Wagner, U.; Welte, T.; Voshaar, T.; Witt, C.


Pneumologie 63 (2009), No.7, pp.363-368
ISSN: 0934-8387
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

INTRODUCTION: Air quality is not only important for respiratory health but it also influences the homeostasis of the whole human organism. In the past years numerous violations of European Union particulate matter thresholds have been recorded. METHODS: The present study is a selective literature analysis encompassing the epidemiology and pathophysiological effects of particulate matter. RESULTS: Epidemiological studies point to an association between chronic particulate matter exposure and mortality. The most prominent effects on the human body are present in subjects with cardiovascular or respiratory conditions. However, the effects of air pollutants need to be examined critically and the plausibility of thresholds should be evaluated in detail. DISCUSSION: The negative influences of chronic particulate matter exposure have been proven by a multitude of epidemiological and experimental studies. From the viewpoint of primary prevention, air quality plays a crucial rol e. This encompasses both the outdoor compartment with particulate matter and other pollutants and the indoor compartment with tobacco smoke.