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Optical near field phenomena in planar and structured organic solar cells

: Niggemann, M.; Ziegler, T.; Glatthaar, M.; Riede, M.; Zimmermann, B.; Gombert, A.


Gombert, A. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Europe, Cardiff:
Photonics for solar energy systems : 5 - 6 April 2006, Strasbourg, France. Photonics Europe
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2006 (SPIE Proceedings Series 6197)
ISBN: 0-8194-6253-5
Paper 61970D
Photonics Europe Symposium <2006, Strasbourg>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISE ()

One key problem in optimizing organic solar cells is to maximize the absorption of incident light and to keep the charge carrier transport paths as short as possible in order to minimize transport losses. The large versatility of organic semiconductors and compositions requires specific optimization of each system. We investigate two model systems, the MDMO-PPV:PCBM blend and the P3HT:PCBM blend. Due to the small thickness of the functional layers in the order of several ten nanometers, coherent optics has to be considered and therefore interference effects play a dominant role. The influence of the thickness of the photoactive layer on the light absorption is investigated and compared with experimental data. The potential of an optical spacer which is introduced between the aluminium electrode and the photoactive layer to enhance the light harvesting is evaluated by optical modelling. Optical modelling becomes more complex for novel solar cell architectures based on na nostructured substrates. Exemplary optical simulations are presented for a nanoelectrode solar cell architecture.