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Industrial LCP selective emitter solar cells with plated contacts

: Kray, D.; Bay, N.; Cimiotti, G.; Kleinschmidt, S.; Kösterke, N.; Lösel, A.; Sailer, M.; Träger, A.; Kühnlein, H.; Nussbaumer, H.; Fleischmann, C.; Granek, F.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; IEEE Electron Devices Society:
35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010. Vol.1 : Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 20 - 25 June 2010
Piscataway/NJ: IEEE, 2010
ISBN: 978-1-4244-5890-5
ISBN: 978-1-4244-5891-2
ISBN: 978-1-4244-5892-9
Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) <35, 2010, Honolulu/Hawaii>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISE ()

The investigation of different selective emitter (SE) approaches [1-3] is a current trend in solar cell manufacturing. The incorporation of a local high phosphorous doping underneath the front contact grid allows for the use of high-sheet resistance illuminated emitters that combine low recombination and improved blue response. Further efficiency increase compared to the standard screen-printed solar cell is achieved via plated contacts [4-5] that feature better aspect ratio and optical properties [6], higher line conductivity and smaller width [5] compared to screen-printed contacts. In this paper we present detailed technological requirements for next-generation front side metallization as well as experimental results of the RENA high-efficiency metallization cluster consisting of Laser Chemical Processing (LCP) and Ni-Ag light-induced plating (LIP). It becomes clear that efficiency on cell level is not the only figure of merit for a successful product and that the co mbination of SE with plating has a much higher potential for increasing cell efficiency than the metallization of SE via screen-printing.