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The influence of index-depressions in core-pumped Yb-doped large pitch fibers

: Jansen, F.; Stutzki, F.; Otto, H.-J.; Baumgartl, M.; Jauregui, C.; Limpert, J.; Tünnermann, A.

Postprint (982 KByte; PDF; )

Optics Express 18 (2010), No.26, pp.26834-26842
ISSN: 1094-4087
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Rare-earth doped photonic crystal fibers rely ideally on an index matching of the doped core to the surrounding glass to work properly. Obtaining a perfect index matching is technologically very challenging, and fiber manufacturers opt for targeting an index depression instead, which still ensures the influence of the photonic structure on the light propagation. In this paper the analysis of the influence of this core index depression on the higher-order mode discrimination and on the beam quality of the fundamental mode of different designs of core-pumped active large pitch photonic crystal fibers is discussed. The most promising design is evaluated in terms of mode area scaling with a view to mode field diameters above 100m. Detailed requirements on the accuracy of the core index matching are deduced.