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Jet printing of colloidal solutions - numerical modeling and experimental verification of the influence of ink and surface parameters on droplet spreading

: Schneider, O.; Epple, P.; Teuber, E.; Meyer, B.; Jank, M.P.M.; Rauh, C.; Delgado, A.


Advanced powder technology 22 (2011), No.2, pp.266-270
ISSN: 0921-8831
ISSN: 1568-5527
World Congress on Particle Technology (WCPT) <6, 2010, Nürnberg>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IISB ()

Ink jet printing of functional materials promises an efficient route for the manufacturing of future low cost and large-area electronics applications. The effect of capillary flow of thin liquid films, the control of droplet spreading by suitably influencing the wetting properties of surfaces, the rheology of the ink and the process design play a relevant role in improvement of ink jet printed patterns. This work presents the experimentally based numerical study of the shape of single ink jetted droplets controlled by homogeneous contact angle distributions. The dynamics of the fluid on the substrate surface is treated in the frame of the lubrication theory using the concept of a precursor film and modeling the equilibrium contact angle by a disjoining pressure. The model describes the spreading of axisymmetric droplets considering different material and process parameter configurations. It is shown that the spreading process can be modeled separately from the drying pr ocess within a certain range of contact angles.