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Finite element thermal analysis for microscale laser joining of nanoscale coatings of titanium on glass/polyimide system

: Mayeed, M.S.; Auner, G.W.; Patwa, R.; Lubna, N.J.; Newaz, G.M.; Herfurth, H.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers -ASME-:
ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009. Proceedings. Vol.12, Pt.A: Micro and nano systems : Presented at 2009 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 13 - 19, 2009, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA
New York/NY.: ASME, 2010
ISBN: 978-0-7918-4385-7
International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE) <2009, Lake Buena Vista/Fla.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Finite element thermal analysis and comparison with experiments of microscale laser joining of biocompatible materials, polyimide (PI) and nanoscale coating of titanium (Ti) on glass (Gl), is vital for the long-term application of bio-implants and important for the applications of nanoscale solid coatings. In this study, a comprehensive three dimensional (3D) transient simulation for thermal analysis of transmission laser micro-joining of dissimilar materials has been performed by using the finite element (FE) code ABAQUS, along with a moving Gaussian laser heat source. The laser beam (wavelength of 1100 nm and diameter of 0.2 mm), moving at an optimized velocity (100 mm/min), passes through the transparent PI, gets absorbed by the absorbing Ti, and eventually melts the PI to form the bond. The laser bonded joint area is 6.5 mm long on three different Ti coating thicknesses of 400, 200 and 50 nms on Gl surface. Nonuniform mixed meshes have been used and optimized to for mulate the 3D FE model and ensure very refined meshing around the bond area. During the microscale laser heating finite element modeling shows widths of PI surface experiencing temperatures above the glass transition temperature are similar to the widths of bonds observed in experiments for coating thicknesses of 400 and 200 nms of Ti on Gl. However, for the case of 50 nm coating bond width using finite element analysis cannot produce and is lower than the bond width observed experimentally.