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Strengthening of ceramics by shot peening

: Pfeiffer, W.; Frey, T.

Dias, A.M.:
6th European Conference on Residual Stresses 2002. Proceedings : Coimbra, Portugal, 10 - 12 July 2002
Uetikon-Zuerich: Trans Tech Publications, 2002 (Materials Science Forum 404/407)
ISBN: 0-87849-900-8
European Conference on Residual Stresses (ECRS) <6, 2002, Coimbra>
Conference Paper, Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()
strengthening; shot peening; ceramic; brittle material behavior; room temperature; deformation; compressive residual stress; surface integrity; load capacity; topography; SiN; Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/

Non-transformation toughened ceramics show the typical brittle material behavior of failure before deformation at room temperature. Thus, strengthening of ceramics due to deformation induced compressive residual stresses has been thought to be not possible. Nevertheless, preliminary investigations had shown that, using ceramic-specific parameters, shot peening can introduce high compressive residual stresses into the near-surface region of silicon nitride which improve the load capacity. The aim of the presented investigation was to improve the shot peening conditions in order to increase the amount of compressive residual stresses while maintaining the surface integrity. The materials investigated where alumina and silicon nitride, the properties determined where residual stresses, load capacity and topography. The results show that high compressive residual stresses in the GPa-range can be introduced in silicon nitride and alumina which may boost the load capacity of the near surface layers by a factor of up to 9. Only little effect on the surface integrity could be obtained.