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Electro-optical modelling of solar cells with photonic structures
25th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, EU PVSEC 2010. Proceedings : 5th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 6-10 , September 2010, Valencia, Spain
München: WIP-Renewable Energies, 2010
|European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC) <25, 2010, Valencia>|
World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion <5, 2010, Valencia>
| Conference Paper, Electronic Publication|
|Fraunhofer ISE ()|
In this paper we present a simulation method for the investigation of diffractive effects in solar cells. The method is based on a coupling of a rigorous wave optical simulation program and a semiconductor device simulation tool. By comparing characteristic values for a solar cell simulated with this coupled approach to results obtained with a standard procedure, we show that solar cells can be modelled with the presented approach consistently. Following that, we use this method to investigate the effects induced by a photonic structure into a crystalline silicon solar cell. As an exemplary system a diffractive backside linear grating was used. We show that with an optimized grating, the solar cell efficiency can be increased by more than 1% absolute. Finally, we investigate the absorption in the aluminium reflector for a solar cell with backside grating theoretically and experimentally. We find that structuring of the aluminium causes parasitic absorption and should be avoided.