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Design and fabrication of a highly off-axis binary multi-phase-level computer-generated hologram based on an effective medium approach

 
: Freese, W.; Kämpfe, T.; Kley, E.-B.; Tünnermann, A.

:

Schoenfeld, W.V. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics IV : 22.-27.1.2011, San Francisco, California, USA
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011 (Proceedings of SPIE 7927)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8464-2
Paper 792710
Conference "Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics" <4, 2011, San Francisco/Calif.>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOF ()
binary subwavelength structures; multilevel computer-generated holograms; diffractive optics

Abstract
Computer-generated holograms (CGHs) are important for many tasks in modern optics. High efficiencies rely on an increasing number of phase steps which usually complicates the fabrication process. In this paper, we demonstrate an effective medium approach which uses binary subwavelength structures instead of a conventional surface relief profile to generate a specific phase pattern. Consequently, the fabrication process is simplified to one exposure and one etching step independent from the number of phase levels. This offers new perspectives in designing large-scale highly efficient diffractive elements with large deviation angles. For demonstration, a highly off-axis 3-level CGH for a projection screen application is designed, fabricated and experimentally evaluated.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-156568.html