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Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den FraunhoferInstituten. Mesh free estimation of the structure model index
 Image, analysis & stereology 28 (2009), No.3, pp.179185 ISSN: 15803139 ISSN: 18545165 

 English 
 Journal Article 
 Fraunhofer ITWM () 
Abstract
The structure model index (SMI) is a means of subsuming the topology of a homogeneous random closed set under just one number, similar to the isoperimetric shape factors used for compact sets. Originally, the SMI is defined as a function of volume fraction, specific surface area and first derivative of the specific surface area, where the derivative is defined and computed using a surface meshing. The generalised Steiner formula yields however a derivative of the specific surface area that is – up to a constant – the density of the integral of mean curvature. Consequently, an SMI can be defined without referring to a discretisation and it can be estimated from 3D image data without need to mesh the surface but using the number of occurrences of 2×2×2 pixel configurations, only. Obviously, it is impossible to completely describe a random closed set by one number. In this paper, Boolean models of balls and infinite straight cylinders serve as cautionary examples pointing out the limitations of the SMI. Nevertheless, shape factors like the SMI can be valuable tools for comparing similar structures. This is illustrated on real microstructures of ice, foams, and paper.