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Earthquake early warning for transport lines

: Hilbring, D.; Titzschkau, T.; Buchmann, A.; Bonn, G.; Wenzel, F.; Hohnecker, E.


Natural hazards 70 (2014), No.3, pp.1795-1825
ISSN: 0921-030X
ISSN: 1573-0840
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
earthquake early warning; service-oriented architecture; artificial neural network; noise model; hazard and vulnerability analysis for railway lines; ZsIF

This paper analyzes the potential of earthquake early-warning systems for transport lines. The interdisciplinary work focuses on rapidly producing an alert map during an ongoing earthquake as well as providing a damage map immediately after the strong-motion phase that visualizes potential damages to the railway infrastructure. In order to meet these application requirements, a service-oriented architecture based on geospatial standards is specified. This ensures the portability of the system architecture to different geographic regions as well as a potential transfer to other natural disasters and infrastructure systems. The first part of the paper describes the standard-based services of the system architecture together with design principles that are useful for the realization of early-warning systems. In the second part of the paper, an online demonstrator for the exemplary test area in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, is presented. The system architecture of the demonstrator includes an earthquake early-warning methodology based on artificial neural networks and an infrastructure-specific damage assessment. The third part of the paper analyzes the potential of implementing low-cost sensors in the track, which would provide a dense network directly at the railway infrastructure.