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Changes in distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) fine structure due to contralateral acoustic stimulation

Abstract
 
: Mauermann, M.; Kollmeier, B.

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Journal of the Acoustical Society of America : JASA 123 (2008), No.5, pp.3853
ISSN: 0001-4966
ISSN: 1520-8524
English
Abstract
Fraunhofer IDMT ()

Abstract
Full text:Contralateral acoustic stimulation (CAS) can cause changes in the amplitude of the 2f1-f2 DPOAE in humans - most probably mediated by the medial olivocochlear reflex. DPOAE amplitude changes due to CAS show large interindividual variability and large changes from suppression to enhancement for small changes of the primary levels. The underlying mechanisms of these effects are still not fully understood. We hypothesize that the two interacting DPOAE sources might be differently affected by the CAS. If so, CAS will cause specific changes in DPOAE fine structure. Therefore, DPOAE fine structures were measured using frequency-modulated primaries (f2: 1500-3000 Hz, f[sub 2]-slash f1: 1.2; L2: 60 dB SPL; L1: 58, 63, 68 dB SPL) without and with a broadband CAS (50 dB SPL). The fine structure changes and shifts according to CAS were analyzed in detail - including latency windowing to separate the contributions from the two interacting DPOAE sources. The results indicate, e.g., that there is no “true” enhancement in terms of enhanced cochlear activity during broadband CAS. Rather there are slight frequency shifts in DPOAE fine structure due to changes in the relative contribution of the two DPOAE sources. This shift can lead to observations of “pseudo” enhancement of up to 20 dB for isolated frequencies.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-146210.html