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Thermomechanical fatigue of 1.4849 cast steel - experiments and life prediction using a fracture mechanics approach

 
: Seifert, T.; Schweizer, C.; Schlesinger, M.; Möser, M.; Eibl, M.

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International journal of materials research 101 (2010), No.8, pp.942-950
ISSN: 1862-5282
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()

Abstract
In this paper the thermomechanical fatigue properties of 1.4849 cast steel, which is used for exhaust manifolds and turbochargers, are investigated and a fracture mechanics based approach is used for fatigue life prediction. Isothermal low-cycle fatigue tests and thermomechanical fatigue tests are conducted in the temperature range from room temperature up to 1 000 degrees C. Fractographic investigations show that fracture occurs predominantly intergranularly at 600 degrees C, whereas mixed transgranular and intergranular crack growth is found otherwise. The methodology for fatigue life prediction is based on a time and temperature dependent cyclic plasticity model, which describes the transient stresses and strains, and on a law for time and temperature dependent microcrack growth. The crack growth law assumes that the increment in crack length in each cycle, da/dN, is correlated with the cyclic crack-tip opening displacement, Delta CTOD. An analytical fracture mechanics based estimate of Delta CTOD is used, which is derived for non-isothermal loadings. The fatigue lives of the low-cycle and the thermomechanical fatigue tests are predicted well with the model. Only predictions for the low-cycle fatigue tests at 600 degrees C, where integranular fracture is predominant, are non-conservative.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-143808.html