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Effects of biomaterials for Lab-on-a-chip production on cell growth and expression of differentiated functions of leukemic cell lines

: Destro, F.; Borgatti, M.; Iafelice, B.; Gavioli, R.; Braun, T.; Bauer, J.; Böttcher, L.; Jung, E.; Bocchi, M.; Guerrieri, R.; Gambari, R.


Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine 21 (2010), No.9, pp.2653-2664
ISSN: 0957-4530
ISSN: 1573-4838
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZM ()

The rapid increase of the applications for Lab-on-a-chip devices has attracted the interest of researchers and engineers on standard process of the electronics industry for low production costs and large scale development, necessary for disposable applications. The printed circuit board technology could be used for this purpose, in particular for the wide range of materials available. In this paper, assays on biocompatibility of materials used for Lab-on-a-chip fabrication has been carried out using two tumor cell lines growing in suspension, the human chronic myelogenous leukemia K562 cell line, able to undergo erythroid differentiation when cultured with chemical inducers, and the lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL), extensively used for screening of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs). We have demonstrated that some materials strongly inhibit cell proliferation of both the two cell lines to an extent higher that 70-75%, but only after a prolonged exposure of 3-6 days (Copper, Gold over Nickel, Aramid fiber filled epoxy uncured, b-stage epoxy die attach film, Tesa 4985 adhesive tape, Pyralux uncured, Copper + 1-octodecanethiol). However, when experiments were performed with short incubation time (1 h), only Aramid fiber filled epoxy uncured was cytotoxic. Variation of the results concerning the other materials was appreciable when the experiments performed on two cell lines were compared together. Furthermore, the effects of the materials on erythroid differentiation and CTL-mediated LCL lysis confirmed, in most of the cases, the data obtained in cytotoxic and antiproliferative tests.