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Quantitative carrier lifetime measurement with micron resolution

: Gundel, P.; Heinz, F.D.; Schubert, M.C.; Giesecke, J.A.; Warta, W.


Journal of applied physics 108 (2010), No.3, Art. 033705, 7 pp.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Siliciummaterialcharakterisierung; Solarzellen - Entwicklung und Charakterisierung; Silicium-Photovoltaik; Charakterisierung von Prozess- und Silicium-Materialien; Messtechnik und Produktionskontrolle; Industrielle und neuartige Solarzellenstrukturen

In the last fifteen years the measurement of the spatially resolved carrier lifetime has emerged as a valuable tool for the characterization of silicon wafers and solar cells. In most of the available measurement methods, the spatial resolution is constrained to the order of several 10 to 100 µm by the diffusion length of the charge carriers. In this paper we introduce a contactless quantitative technique to determine the Shockley-Read-Hall lifetime with a spatial resolution of 1µm. This technique is based on high injection microphotoluminescence spectroscopy and allows a quantitative analysis of microscopic defects such as grain boundaries and metal precipitates by virtue of the high spatial resolution.