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JV characteristics of industrial silicon solar cells: Influence of distributed series resistance and shockley read hall recombination

: Greulich, J.; Glatthaar, M.; Krieg, A.; Emanuel, G.; Rein, S.


Sinke, W. ; WIP - Renewable Energies, München; European Commission; UNESCO; World Council for Renewable Energy; International Photovoltaic Equipment Association:
24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference 2009. CD-ROM : The compiled State-of-the-Art of PV Solar Technology and Deployment. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Hamburg, 21-25 September 2009
München, 2009
ISBN: 3-936338-25-6
European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC) <24, 2009, Hamburg>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISE ()

At the end of the solar cell manufacturing process the current-density vs. voltage curves (J(U) curves) are measured to determine the solar cell’s efficiency and the mechanisms limiting the efficiency as there are resistive losses and recombination of electron hole pairs. An accurate and robust analysis of the measured curves is essential for the output power of the module and for the evaluation of the ongoing manufacturing process. In the present work it is shown that fitting the two diode model is inappropriate to quantify recombination in the space charge region and ohmic losses due to series resistance. Three fill factors, namely the fill factor of the illuminated J(U) curve, the pseudo fill factor of the sunsVoc curve and the ideal fill factor of the single diode model, are the base of a quick loss analysis that is evaluated in the present paper. It is shown that the distributed character of the series resistance and the network character of the solar cell can distort the sunsVoc curve. This induces errors in the simple analysis. An advanced current voltage curve analysis including fill factors and fit is presented