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Beam hardening correction of multi-material objects

: Krumm, M.; Kasperl, S.; Franz, M.

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European Federation for Non-Destructive Testing -EFNDT-:
10th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing, ECNDT 2010. CD-ROM : 7.-11.06.2010, Moskau
Moskau, 2010
7 pp.
European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (ECNDT) <10, 2010, Moskau>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IIS ()

In this paper we present a method for reducing beam hardening artifacts in Computed Tomography (CT) images. Due to the polychromatic characteristics of common X-ray tubes attenuation does not increase linearly with penetrated material thickness. This leads to dark streaks, blurring and so called cupping artifacts. Additionally, form errors hinder dimensional evaluation. In CT images of objects made of several materials with significant different attenuation characteristics these effects are even more distinct. The method described in this paper allows the correction of beam hardening artifacts in multi-material objects. Knowledge of the impinging X-ray spectrum or the materials absorption characteristics is not necessary. The method works iterative and without any reference measurements. Specimens of several material combinations were tested with CT and beam hardening corrected with the proposed algorithm.