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Development of an isothermal 2D zonal air volume model with impulse conservation

: Norrefeldt, V.; Nouidui, T.; Grün, G.

Turkish Society of HVAC and Sanitary Engineers -TTMD-; Federation of European Heating, Ventilating and Air-conditioning Associations -REHVA-:
Clima 2010, 10th Rehva World Congress "Sustainable Energy Use in Buildings". CD-ROM : 9-12 May, Antalya
Antalya, 2010
ISBN: 978-975-6907-14-6
7 pp.
World Congress "Sustainable Energy Use in Buildings" <10, 2010, Antalya>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IBP ()

This paper presents a new approach to model air flows with a zonal model. The aim of zonal models is to perform quick simulations of the air distribution in rooms. Therefore an air volume is subdivided into several discrete zones, typically 10 to 100. The zones are connected with flow elements computing the amount of air exchanged between them. In terms of complexity and needed computational time zonal models are a compromise between CFDcalculations and the approximation of perfect mixing. In our approach the air flow velocity is used as property of the zones. Thus the distinction between normal zones and jet or plume influenced zones becomes obsolete. The model is implemented in the object oriented and equation based language Modelica. A drawback of the new formulation is that the calculated flow pattern depends on the discretization. Nevertheless, the results show that the new zonal model performs well and is a useful extension to existing models.