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High figure of merit ZT in PbTe and Bi2Te3 based superlattice structures by thermal conductivity reduction

: Lambrecht, A.; Beyer, H.; Nurnus, J.; Künzel, C.; Böttner, H.


China Industrial Association of Power Sources; International Thermoelectric Society -ITS-:
ICT 2001, XX International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings : 8 - 11th June 2001, Beijing, the People's Republic of China
Piscataway/NJ: IEEE, 2001
ISBN: 0-7803-7205-0
International Conference on Thermoelectrics (ICT) <20, 2001, Beijing>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPM ()
thermoelectric; superlattice; thermal conductivity; thermoelectric figure of merit; ZT

In superlattice (SL) structures an enhancement of the thermoelectric figure of merit ZT compared to homogeneous materials can be achieved by reduction of the thermal conductivity λ. In this context thermoelectric properties of PbTe/ PbSexTe1-x -SL's, and PbTe(BaF2) doping superlattices (SL), and of Bi2(SexTe1-x)3/Bi2 (SeyTe1-y)3-SL structures are presented. All samples were grown on BaF2(111)-substrates by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). A significant reduction of the in-plane thermal conductivity λ compared to corresponding bulk materials was observed. As the power factors are only slightly reduced, a net increase of the figure of merit ZT can be calculated. The temperature dependence of ZT is discussed.