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Optimisation algorithms for the charge dispatch of plug-in vehicles based on variable tariffs
urn:nbn:de:0011-n-1315659 (465 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: c188bc9e106b36644925b9e0521a4580
Created on: 18.5.2010
|Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI, 2010, 28 pp.|
Working Paper Sustainability and Innovation, 3/2010
| Report, Electronic Publication|
|Fraunhofer ISI ()|
| BEV; V2G; plug-in-vehicles (PHEV); optimisation; mobile dispatcher; Demand side management; charging; combinatorial algorithm; graph search algorithm; indirect control by variable tariffs|
Plug-in vehicles powered by renewable energies are a viable way to reduce local and total emissions and could also support a highly efficient grid operation. Indirect control by variable tariffs is one option to link charging or even discharg-ing time with the grid load and the renewable energy production. Algorithms are required to develop tariffs and evaluate grid impacts of variable tariffs for electric vehicles (BEV) as well as to schedule the charging process optimisation. Therefore a combinatorial optimisation algorithm is developed and an algorithm based on graph search is used and customised. Both algorithms are explained and compared by performance and adequate applications. The developing approach and the correctness of the quick combinatorial algorithm are proved within this paper. For vehicle to grid (V2G) concepts, battery degradation costs have to be considered. Therefore, common life cycle assumptions based on the battery state of charge (SoC) have been used toinclude degradation costs for different LiIon batteries into the graph search algorithm. An application of these optimisation algorithms, like the onboard dispatcher, which is used in the German fleet test "Flottenversuch Elektromobiliät". Grid impact calculations based on the optimisation algorithm are shown.