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Advanced key technologies for magnetron sputtering and PECVD of inorganic and hybrid transparent coatings

: Frach, P.; Glöß, D.; Bartzsch, H.; Täschner, K.; Liebig, J.; Schultheiss, E.


Thin solid films 518 (2010), No.11, pp.3105-3108
ISSN: 0040-6090
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FEP ()

Besides classical multilayer systems with alternating low and high refractive indices, reactive pulse magnetron sputtering processes offer various possibilities of depositing gradient films with continuously varying refractive index. Using nanoscale film growth control it is possible to achieve optical filter systems with a defined dependency of refractive index on film thickness, e.g. by sputtering a silicon target in a time variant mixture of oxygen and nitrogen. Also reactive co-sputtering of different target materials such as silicon and tantalum in oxygen is suitable as well. Rugate filters made from SiOxNy or SixTayOz gradient refractive index profiles find their application in spectroscopy, laser optics and solar concentrator systems. Furthermore polymer substrates are increasingly relevant for the application of optical coatings due to their mechanical and economical advantages. Magnetron PECVD (magPECVD) using HMDSO as precursor allows to deposit carbon containing films with polymer-like properties. Results show the suitability of these coatings as hard coatings or matching layers. Multifunctional coatings with antireflective and scratch-resistant properties were deposited on polymer substrates using a combined magPECVD and sputter deposition process.