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An efficient very low bit rate video coding scheme using warping prediction and wavelet-based residual coding

: Marpe, D.; Heising, G.; Cycon, H.L.

Tabatabai, A.:
Picture Coding Symposium '99 : April 21 - 23, 1999, Portland Hilton, Portland, Oregon
Davis: University of California, 1999
Picture Coding Symposium <1999, Portland/Or.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer HHI ()
image reconstruction; image sequences; image texture; interpolation; motion estimation; prediction theory; video coding; wavelet transformation; very low bit rate video coding scheme; warping prediction; wavelet-based residual coding; image warping model; temporal redundancies; image sequence; bilinear warp; block adaptive high-quality texture interpolation; prediction error image; precoding techniques; partitioning aggregation conditional coding; pacc; combined coding strategy; h.263 coder; reconstructed videos; block-based coders; blocking artifacts

This paper describes a video coding algorithm that combines new ideas in motion estimation and wavelet-based coding techniques. A motion estimation technique using an image warping model is employed to reduce temporal redundancies in a given image sequence. The underlying continuous motion model is based on a bilinear warp of a grid of quadrangles. It has the advantage of dealing with more complex motion than simple block matching schemes. In addition, a block adaptive high-quality texture interpolation is used to further improve the quality of the prediction. The prediction error image is decorrelated using a wavelet transform coupled with a framework of highly efficient precoding techniques utilizing the concepts of partitioning, aggregation and conditional coding (PACC). This combined coding strategy has proved to be very efficient both with respect to subjective and objective measures. Compared to the H.263 coder (with all options applied) we achieved improvements in the range from 0.5 to 1.2 dB PSNR. This is especially the case at very low bit-rates where reconstructed videos of block-based coders suffer from visually annoying blocking artifacts the proposed coding scheme produces a superior subjective quality.