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Encoding and reconstruction of incomplete 3-D video objects

: Ekmekci, S.


IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology 10 (2000), No.7, pp.1198-1207
ISSN: 1051-8215
ISSN: 1558-2205
Journal Article
Fraunhofer HHI ()
image reconstruction; image representation; object-oriented methods; video coding; reconstruction; incomplete 3-d video objects; compact representation; mpeg-4 encoding; multiple cameras; incomplete 3-d technique; nonoverlapping portions; reference views; resolution; redundancy; initial multiview; disparity field; correspondence relations; view synthesis; disparity-oriented reprojection; areas of interest; virtual view plane; intermediate postprocessing stage; two-way interaction; analysis stage; image quality; data transmitted; low-complexity solution; online processing capability; mpeg-4 compatibility; i3d representation

A new approach for compact representation, MPEG-4 encoding, and reconstruction of video objects captured by an uncalibrated system of multiple cameras is presented. The method is based on the incomplete 3-D (I3D) technique, which was initially investigated for stereo video objects captured by parallel cameras. Non-overlapping portions of the object are extracted from the reference views, each view having the corresponding portion with the highest resolution. This way, the redundancy of the initial multiview data is reduced. The areas which are extracted from the basis views are denoted as areas of interest. The output of the analysis stage, i.e., the areas of interest and the corresponding parts of the disparity fields are encoded in the MPEG-4 bitstream. Disparity fields define the correspondence relations between the reference views. The view synthesis is performed by disparity-oriented reprojection of the areas of interest into the virtual view plane and can be seen as an intermediate postprocessing stage between the decoder and the scene compositor. This work performs an extension from parallel stereo views to arbitrary configured multi-views with new analysis and synthesis algorithms. Moreover, a two-way interaction is built between the analysis and reconstruction stages, which provides the tradeoff between the final image quality and amount of data transmitted. The focus is on a low-complexity solution enabling online processing capability while preserving the MPEG-4 compatibility of the I3D representation. It is finally shown that our method yields quite convincing results despite the minimal data used and the approximations involved.