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Quantitative integration of NDT with probabilistic fracture mechanics for the assessment of fracture risk in pipelines

 
: Kurz, J.H.; Cioclov, D.D.; Dobmann, G.; Boller, C.

:

Chimenti, D.E. ; American Institute of Physics -AIP-, New York:
Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation. Volume 29 : 26.07. - 31.07.2009, Kingston, Rhode Island
New York, N.Y.: AIP Press, 2010 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1211)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-0748-0
ISSN: 0094-243X
pp.1941-1948
Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE) <36, 2009, Kingston/Rhode Island>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
probabilistic fracture mechanic; Monte Carlo simulation; pipeline

Abstract
In the context of probabilistic paradigm of fracture risk assessment in structural components a computer simulation rationale is presented which has at the base the integration of Quantitative Non-destructive Inspection and Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics. In this study the static failure under static loading is assessed in the format known as Failure Assessment Diagram (FAD). The fracture risk is evaluated in probabilistic terms. The superposed probabilistic pattern over the deterministic one is implemented via Monte-Carlo sampling. The probabilistic fracture simulation yields a more informative analysis in terms of probability of failure. The ability to simulate the influence of the quality and reliability of non-destructive inspection (NDI) is an important feature of this approach. It is achieved by integrating, algorithmically, probabilistic FAD analysis and the Probability of Detection (POD). The POD information can only be applied in a probabilistic analysis and leads to a refinement of the assessment. By this means, it can be ascertained the decrease of probability of failure when POD-characterized NDI is applied. Therefore, this procedure can be used as a tool for inspection based life time conceptions. In this paper results of sensitivity analyses are presented with the aim to outline, in terms of non-failure probabilities, the benefits of applying NDI, in various qualities, in comparison with the situation when NDI is lacking. A better substantiation is enabled of both the component reliability management and the costs-effectiveness of NDI timing.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-128901.html