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On the scattering mechanism of power lines at millimeter-waves

: Essen, H.; Böhmsdorff, S.; Biegel, G.; Wahlen, A.


IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing 40 (2002), No.9, pp.1895-1903
ISSN: 0196-2892
ISSN: 0018-9413
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FHR

The radar signature of power lines is of high importance in the design of systems for helicopter collision avoidance. Laboratory measurements have been reported previously, but field measurements at millimeter waves are missing. The present contribution describes measurements done in ground-based configuration with a real aperture scanning-beam radar operating simultaneously at 35 and 94 GHz. By scanning, an aspect angle interval of 60° was covered, including the broadside aspect. The narrow beam width allowed to discriminate between different wires separated horizontally. While these measurements were done under a very shallow incidence angle, assisting measurements were done with the same radar mounted into an aircraft using synthetic aperture radar techniques. The results for shallow and steep incidence are compared and show the significant influence of this parameter on the signature of the power line. Additionally the measurement results are compared with those from model calculations.