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Coupled Bloch-phonon oscillations in GaAs/AlGaAs superlattices: theory and experiment

Gekoppelte Bloch-Phonon-Oszillationen in GaAs/AlGaAs Übergittern: Theorie und Experiment
: Dekorsy, T.; Bartels, A.; Kurz, H.; Ghosh, A.; Jönsson, L.; Wilkens, J.; Köhler, K.; Hey, R.; Ploog, K.


Physica. E 7 (2000), pp.279-284
ISSN: 1386-9477
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()
III-V semiconductors; III-V Halbleiter; superlattices; Übergitter; optical measurements; optische Messungen

We report on the femtosecond dynamics of coherent Bloch oscillations in GaAs/Al(x)Ga(l-x)As superlattices. In a superlattice with a miniband width equal to the optical phonon energy of GaAs the Bloch frequency can be tuned into resonance with the LO phonon by an applied electric field. We observe a strong coupling between Bloch oscillations and phonons leading to the coherent excitation of optical phonons when both are brought into resonance. This phenomenon is analyzed theoretically on the base of a microscopic Hamiltonian for the electron-phonon interaction in the superlattice. We show that coupled modes are described by a nonlinear pendulum coupled linearly to an oscillator representing the phonons. Under resonance condition the amplitudes of both modes increase and sidebands appear. The theoretical results are compared to the experimental observations.