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Relaying in long term evolution: Indoor full frequency reuse

: Venkatkumar, V.; Wirth, T.; Haustein, T.; Schulz, E.

European Wireless 2009. Proceedings. CD-ROM : 15th European Wireless Conference 2009, May 17 - 22, 2009, Aalborg, Denmark
Berlin: VDE-Verlag, 2009
ISBN: 978-3-8007-3167-1
European Wireless Conference (EW) <15, 2009, Aalborg>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer HHI ()

Future cellular wireless networks could include multihop transmissions through relays. For long term evolution (LTE-) advanced networks multihop relaying is one of the candidate enabling techniques for coverage extension. In particular, relaying is envisioned for indoor coverage, such as in office and residential buildings. In this approach, a wireless relay is placed inside a building in order to reduce the building penetration path loss. A relay could perform analog signal amplification or decode and forward operation. Decode and forward operation is advantageous in the sense that a relay can employ full reuse of the bandwidth. The re-used bandwidth could also be used efficiently by independent link adaptation. This paper reports measurement results of state of art direct link and indoor decode and forward relaying in LTE downlink. Relaying has been implemented in a real-time test-bed with enabling transceiver techniques such as half-duplex interference suppression and IP packet forwarding. The relay test-bed reuses the full 20 MHz bandwidth with frequency dependent link adaptation. Field trial measurements are performed in a single cell single user indoor office scenario with one relay. Results show that indoor LTE relaying is capable of delivering high throughput above 60 Mbps, with a spectral efficiency of 3 bits/s/Hz. It also provides 16 Mbps to locations well inside the building which is seen to be more dramatic. The authors' main contribution to these promising studies is to implement an spectrally efficient, 2x2 MIMO multi-hop testbed which is able to handle real-time media delivery. The authors conduct measurements with the developed test-bed. The measurements look at the basic but paramount question: will relaying enable pervasive wireless access to an indoor user? Secondly, they wish to identify practical deployment locations, and where and how a relay could be deployed. The authors conduct measurement runs in the selected indoor scenarios