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Thermal expansion co-efficient of nanotube-metal composites

: Uddin, Sheikh Minhaz; Mahmud, Tanvir; Wolf, Christoph; Glanz, Carsten; Kolaric, Ivica; Hulman, Martin; Neubauer, Erich; Roth, Siegmar


Physica status solidi. B 246 (2009), No.11-12, pp.2836-2839
ISSN: 0031-8957
ISSN: 0370-1972
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPA ()
Carbon Nanotube (CNT); Nanomaterial; Nanotechnologie; nanotechnology; Verbundwerkstoff; physikalische Eigenschaft

Thermal expansion exhibits considerable challenges developing residual stresses at the interfaces of different materials treated at high temperature. Electrical devices containing materials with different thermal expansion behaviour very often suffer this problem. Thermal expansion co-efficient (TEC) of different metals can be tuned by using carbon nanotube (CNT). Metal matrix composites (MMCs) using CNT are fabricated by hot-press sintering method and TEC of the composites are investigated throughout a wide range of temperature (-155 to 275 °C). Reduction of TEC of the composite materials was observed up to 20% compared to that of pure metals. The effect of CNTs in the matrix materials and the mechanism behind the improvement are explained from the microscopic investigation of the composites.