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Midbandgap electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations

Elektrooptische Detektion von Bloch-Oszillationen in der Bandlückenmitte
: Först, M.; Segschneider, G.; Dekorsy, T.; Kurz, H.; Köhler, K.


Physical Review. B 61 (2000), No.16, pp.R10563-R10566
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()
III-V semiconductor; III-V Halbleiter; superlattices; Übergitter; optical measurements; optische Messungen

Bloch oscillations excited in a biased GaAs/Al(x)Ga(1-x)As superlattice are investigated in a time-resolved two-color electro-optic detection scheme. The detection of resonantly excited Bloch oscillations is based on the Pockels effect probed at a wavelength in the center of the band gap. The observed birefringence is induced by the macroscopic polarization of the electronic wave packets relative to the localized holes. The off-resonant detection away from optical transitions directly monitors the spatial dynamics of the electrons in amplitude and phase. The dependence of the amplitudes of the Bloch oscillating electrons on the applied electric fields are in good agreement with the electron-hole dipole lengths calculated by a quantum-mechanical model.