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Development of a multifunctional coating system for laser-induced material transport

 
: Lachmann, K.; Eckert, S.; Vogel, A.; Klinger, A.; Gebert, A.; Klages, C.-P.

:

Progress in organic coatings 64 (2009), No.2-3, pp.294-299
ISSN: 0300-9440
ISSN: 0033-0655
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IST ()
laser microdissection; laser pressure catapulting; polyelectrolyte multilayer; laser ablation; zinc oxide

Abstract
The aim of our research is to develop a novel surface coating for the use in laser microdissection and laser pressure catapulting (LMPC). LMPC is a contact- and contamination-free technique to separate histologic material and living cells for further proteomic and genomic analysis. Several physico-chemical functions must be included within the optimum coating system designed for this purpose, like optical absorption at the laser wavelength, combined with optical transparency in the visible region, a control of the laser ablation process, mechanical stability and biocompability for the adhesion of the histologic material.
To achieve the optimum system the combination of several layers is required. The optical absorbance to capture the radiation energy from a frequency-tripled Nd:YAG laser (Lambda = 355 nm) is reached by a thin layer of zinc oxide (ZnO), deposited by hollow cathode gas flow sputtering. The laser ablation process is controlled by a polyelectrolyte multilayer, consisting of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS). The evaporation of chemisorbed water from the film is used to promote the catapulting process. For the mechanically stable, laser-dissectible layer organic coatings, like photoresists or lacquers, are suitable. Silica-containing polyacrylate nanocomposites were employed for this purpose.
The investigation of the coating system included LMPC experiments with varying compositions of the layer system. The best results were obtained using a system consisting of ZnO, a polyelectrolyte multilayer deposited from 0.1 M Na2SO4 containing polymer solutions, and a 1.5-µm thick layer of the polyacrylate nanocomposite.
To check the quality of the developed system, experiments with the commonly used poly(ethylene naphthalate) (PEN) foil were performed simultaneously. In addition to the determination of the parameters required for LMPC, quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (rt-PCR) of the dissected material verified the benefit of the new system.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-118034.html