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Knowledge Patterns and Knowledge Refactorings for Increasing the Quality of Knowledge

: Rech, J.; Feldmann, R.L.; Ras, E.; Jedlitschka, A.; Decker, B.

Jennex, M.E.:
Knowledge management, organizational memory, and transfer behavior : Global approaches and advancements
Hershey, 2009 (Advance in knowledge management research)
ISBN: 978-1-605-66140-7
ISBN: 978-1-605-66141-4
Book Article
Fraunhofer IESE ()

Knowledge management is a relatively young discipline. It has accumulated a valuable body-of-knowledge on how to structure and represent knowledge, or how to design socio-technical knowledge management systems. A wide variety of approaches and systems exist that are often not interoperable, and hence, prevent an easy exchange of the gathered knowledge. Industry standards, which have been accepted and are in widespread use are missing, as well as general concepts to describe common, recurring patterns of how to describe, structure, interrelate, group, or manage knowledge elements. In this chapter, we introduce the concepts "knowledge pattern" and "knowledge anti-pattern" to describe best and worst practices in knowledge management, "knowledge refactoring" to improve or change knowledge antipatterns, and "quality of knowledge" to describe desirable characteristics of knowledge in knowledge management systems. The concepts are transferred from software engineering to the field of knowledge management based on our experience from several knowledge management projects.