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Nonlinearity-induced broadening of resonances in dynamically modulated couplers

: Szameit, A.; Kartashov, Y.V.; Heinrich, M.; Dreisow, F.; Keil, R.; Nolte, S.; Tünnermann, A.; Vysloukh, V.A.; Lederer, F.; Torner, L.


Optics Letters 34 (2009), No.18, pp.2700-2702
ISSN: 0146-9592
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()
wave-guide array; optical lattice; photonic lattice; localization

We report the observation of nonlinearity-induced broadening of resonances in dynamically modulated directional couplers. When the refractive index of the guiding channels in the coupler is harmonically modulated along the propagation direction and is out-of-phase in two channels, coupling can be completely inhibited at resonant modulation frequencies. We observe that nonlinearity broadens such resonances and that localization can be achieved even in detuned systems at power levels well below those required in unmodulated couplers. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America