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Crucial role of interleukin-6 in the development of norepinephrine-induced left ventricular remodeling in mice

: Meier, Henning; Bullinger, Jörg; Marx, Grit; Deten, Alexander; Horn, Lars-Christian; Raßler, Beate; Zimmer, Heinz-Gerd; Briest, Wilfried


Cellular physiology and biochemistry 23 (2009), No.4-6, pp.327-334
ISSN: 1015-8987
ISSN: 1421-9778
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()
interleukin; extracellular matrix; hypertrophy; remodeling

BACKGROUND: Elevated serum concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 is a predictor for poor prognosis in congestive heart failure. It was shown previously in rats, that IL-6 expression in the left ventricle (LV) was followed by LV hypertrophy. METHODS: Using IL-6 deficient mice (IL-6(-/-)), we studied the role of IL-6 in a model of norepinephrine (NE)-induced LV hypertrophy. RESULTS: In wild type (WT) mice, IL-6 mRNA expression and its concentration in the serum were elevated after 4 h of NE-treatment (s.c. 0.25 mg.h)./kg Further, NE-induced LV hypertrophy was detected: LV weight/body weight (LVW/BW) ratio (+12.3+/-3%, p < 0.05) and mRNA expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in WT mice (+120+/-25%, p < 0.05) after 3 days were increased. In contrast, NE did not induce elevation of LVW/BW ratio and ANP expression in IL-6(-/-) mice. Replacement with recombinant IL-6 restored the hypertrophy-inducing effect of NE in IL-6(-/-) mice. As to the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, NE increased collagen type I and III expression only in WT mice and not in IL-6(-/-) mice. The addition of recombinant IL-6 elevated the expression of the ECM proteins to the WT level. CONCLUSION: IL-6 is a major player in the development of NE-induced LV hypertrophy in mice.