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Lessons from case studies of metals: Investigating exposure, bioavailability, and risk

: Caussy, D.; Gochfeld, M.; Gurzau, E.; Neagu, C.; Rüdel, H.


Environmental research B 56 (2003), No.1, pp.45-51
ISSN: 0147-6513
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()
bioavailability; heavy metal; outbreak investigation of metal poisoning; health risk paradigm; arsenic; mercury; lead; tin

Since metals are widely distributed in environmental matrices, humans are exposed to them by either anthropogenic activities or inadvertently by necessity. Selected metals: arsenic, mercury, iron, tin, lead and chromium were chosen on the basis of their economic and public health importance to illustrate the diversity of exposure pathways and differences in factors governing bioavailability. Bioavailability is central to the toxicity of metals and this is discussed from the health risk paradigm standpoint of the case studies of arsenic, mercury, tin and chromium provide a unified concept of methods that can be used in investigating and controlling outbreaks due to metal poisoning in other similar situations.