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Formation of soil-bound residues of cyprodinil and their plant uptake



Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 45 (1997), No.2, pp.514-520
ISSN: 0021-8561
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IUCT ( IME) ()
bound residues; plant uptake; cyprodinil; bioavailability; barley; fungicide

The fungicide cyprodinil [4-cyclopropyl-6-methyl-2-(phenylamino)pyrimidine] labeled with 14C in either the phenyl or the pyrimidyl ring was incubated with four different soils under various conditions to evaluate the formation of bound residues and their subsequent plant uptake. About 60 per cent of the initially applied radioactivity was bound to nonsterile soils within 90-180 days, whereas negligible binding was observed under sterile and anaerobic conditions. More binding was observed at higher soil pH, cation exchange capacity, and organic carbon and nitrogen contents. When spring barley was grown in the methanol-extracted soil, the plant uptake of bound residues amounted to about 0.2 per cent for the phenyl label and 1.2 per cent for the pyrimidyl label. The difference indicated that the pyrimidyl moiety was detached from the cyprodinil molecule and taken up more readily.