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Movement of metolachlor and terbuthylazine in core and packed soil columns

: Singh, N.; Kloeppel, H.; Klein, W.


Chemosphere 47 (2002), No.4, pp.409-415
ISSN: 0045-6535
ISSN: 0366-7111
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()
adsorption; herbicide; bromide; conventional tillage; leaching; undisturbed; repacked; preferential flow; macropores

Movement of metolachlor and terbuthylazine including a bromide tracer was studied in core and packed soil columns in PVC pipes (80 mm diameter, 15 mm depth) with two German soil types viz: silt loam and loamy silt. The breakthrough curves (BTCs) for bromide indicated some preferential flow of water both under conventional tillage (CN) and no-till (NT) simulation with silt loam soil. The herbicides leached to a greater extent in NT columns than in CN columns. Leaching was higher in loamy silt soil than in silt loam soil under CN conditions. This result is in agreement with the higher sorption capacity of silt loam having higher organic carbon compared to loamy silt having low organic carbon. Adsorption strength of the herbicides did not affect their breakthrough time, but was reflected in the slope and maximum height of the BTCs. The BTCs showed the expected inverse relationship between leaching and adsorption with greater mobility of the weakly-sorbed metolachlor than the more strongly sorbed terbuthylazine. Maximum amounts of the applied herbicides were recovered from the top soil layer in intact columns. Metolachlor was more mobile in packed columns than in core columns.