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Characterization of methane emissions from rice fields in Asia. I. Comparison among field sites in five countries

: Wassmann, R.; Neue, H.U.; Lantin, R.S.; Buendia, L.V.; Rennenberg, H.


Nutrient cycling in agroecosystems 58 (2000), No.1/3, pp.1-12
ISSN: 1385-1314
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
irrigated; climate; crop management; organic amendment; China; INDIA; Thailand; Philippines; Indonesia; mitigation option

The Interregional Research Program on Methane Emissions from Rice Fields established a network of eight measuring stations in five Asian countries. These stations covered different environments and encompassed varying practices in crop management. All stations were equipped with a closed chamber system designed for frequent sampling and long-term measurements of emission rates. Even under identical treatment - e. g., continuous flooding and no organic fertilizers - average emission rates varied from 15 to 200 kg CH sub 4 ha high -1 season high -1. Low temperatures limited CH sub 4 emissions in temperate and subtropical stations such as northern China and northern India. Differences observed under given climates, (e. g., within the tropics) indicated the importance of soil properties in regulating the CH sub 4 emission potential. However, local variations in crop management superseded the impact o soil- and climate-related factors. This resulted in uniformly high emission rates of about 300 kg CH sub 4 ha high -1 season high -1 for the irrigated rice stations in the Philippines (Maligaya) and China (Beijing and Hangzhou). The station in northern India (Delhi) was characterized by exceptionally low emission rates of less than 20 kg CH sub 4 ha high -1 season high -1 under local practice. These findings also suggest opportunities for reducing CH sub 4 emission through a deliberate modification of cultural practice for most irrigated rice fields.