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Robust real-time ground plane motion compensation from a moving vehicle

: Krüger, W.

Machine vision and applications : MV & A 11 (1999), No.4, pp.203-212
ISSN: 0932-8092
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IITB ( IOSB) ()
obstacle detection; motion stereo; motion compensation; real-time image analysis; driver assistance system

One method to detect obstacles from a vehicle moving on a planar road surface is the analysis of motion-compensated difference images. In this contribution, a motion compensation algorithm is presented, which computes the required image-warping parameters from an estimate of the relative motion between camera and ground plane. The proposed algorithm estimates the warping parameters from displacements at image corners and image edges. It exploits the estimated confidence of the displacements to cope robustly with outliers. Knowledge about camera calibration, measurements from odometry, and the previous estimate are used for motion prediction and to stabilize the estimation process when there is not enough information available in the measured image displacements. The motion compensation algorithm has been integrated with modules for obstacle detection and lane tracking. This system has been integrated in experimental vehicles and runs in real time with an overall cycle of 12. 5 Hz on low-cost standard hardware.