Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

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Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.
2017Terawatt-scale photovoltaics: Trajectories and challenges
Haegel, N.; Margolis, R.; Buonassisi, T.; Feldman, D.; Froitzheim, A.; Garabedian, R.; Green, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Henning, H.-M.; Holder, B.; Kaizuka, I.; Kroposki, B.; Matsubara, K.; Niki, S.; Sakurai, K.; Schindler, R.; Tumas, W.; Weber, E.; Wilson, G.; Woodhouse, M.; Kurtz, S.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2007Evaluierung des 4. Energieforschungsprogramms Erneuerbare Energien
Seefeldt, F.; Schindler, R.; Räuber, A.; Wettling, W. et al.
Bericht
2005Impact of metal silicide precipitate dissolution during rapid thermal processing of multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Buonassisi, T.; Istratov, A.A.; Peters, S.; Ballif, C.; Isenberg, J.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schindler, R.; Willeke, G.; Cai, Z.; Lai, B.; Weber, E.R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2005Quantifying the effect of metal-rich precipitates on minority carrier diffusion length in multicrystalline silicon using synchrotron-based spectrally resolved x-ray beam-induced current
Buonassisi, T.; Istratov, A.A.; Pickett, M.D.; Marcus, M.A.; Hahn, G.; Ciszek, T.F.; Riepe, S.; Isenberg, J.; Warta, W.; Schindler, R.; Willeke, G.; Weber, E.R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2005Synchrotron-based investigations into metallic impurity distribution and defect engineering in multicrystalline silicon via thermal treatments
Buonassisi, T.; Istratov, A.A.; Marcus, M.A.; Peters, S.; Ballif, C.; Heuer, M.; Ciszek, T.F.; Cai, Z.; Lai, B.; Schindler, R.; Weber, E.R.
Konferenzbeitrag
2005Synchrotron-based investigations of the nature and impact of iron contamination in multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Buonassisi, T.; Istratov, A.A.; Heuer, M.; Marcus, M.A.; Jonczyk, R.; Isenberg, J.; Lai, B.; Cai, Z.H.; Heald, S.; Warta, W.; Schindler, R.; Willeke, G.; Weber, E.R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2005Thin large area solar cells
Schindler, R.; Hermle, M.; Kleer, G.; Kohn, C.; Lautenschlager, H.; Reis, I.E.; Willeke, G.
Konferenzbeitrag
2005Towards larger and thinner wafers used in photovoltaic
Müller, A.; Reinecke, M.; Bachmann, A.; Seifert, C.; Trommer, T.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
2004Impact of iron contamination in multicrystalline silicon solar cells: Origins, chemical states, and device impacts
Buonassisi, T.; Heuer, M.; Istratov, A.A.; Marcus, M.A.; Jonczyk, R.; Lai, B.; Cai, Z.; Isenberg, J.; Warta, W.; Schindler, R.; Weber, E.R.
Konferenzbeitrag
2004Increased wafer yield for solar cells in top and bottom regions of cast multicrystalline silicon
Riepe, S.; Ghosh, M.; Müller, A.; Lautenschlager, H.; Grote, D.; Warta, W.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
2004Metal content of multicrystalline silicon for solar cells and its impact on minority carrier diffusion length
Istratov, A.A.; Buonassisi, T.; McDonald, R.J.; Smith, A.R.; Schindler, R.; Rand, J.; Kalejs, J.P.; Weber, E.R.
Konferenzbeitrag, Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2004Observation of transition metals at shunt locations in multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Buonassisi, T.; Vyvenko, O.F.; Istratov, A.A.; Weber, E.R.; Hahn, G.; Sontag, D.; Rakotoniaina, J.P.; Breitenstein, O.; Isenberg, J.; Schindler, R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2003Applications of synchrotron radiation x-ray techniques on the analysis of the behavior of transition metals in solar cells and single-crystalline silicon with extended defects
Buonassisi, T.; Heuer, M.; Vyvenko, O.F.; Istratov, A.A.; Weber, E.R.; Cai, Z.; Lai, B.; Ciszek, T.F.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag, Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2003Assessing the role of transition metals in shunting mechanisms using synchrotron-based techniques
Buonassisi, T.; Vyvenko, O.F.; Istratov, A.A.; Weber, E.R.; Hahn, G.; Sontag, D.; Rakotoniaina, J.P.; Breitenstein, O.; Isenberg, J.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
2003Bewertung von Wissensmanagement-Projekten
Heisig, P.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
2003Metal content of multicrystalline silicon for solar cells and its impact on minority carrier diffusion length
Istratov, A.A.; Buonassisi, T.; McDonald, R.J.; Smith, A.R.; Schindler, R.; Rand, J.A.; Kalejs, J.P.; Weber, E.R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2002Advanced diffusion system for low contamination in-line rapid thermal processing of silicon solar cells
Biro, D.; Preu, R.; Schultz, O.; Peters, S.; Huljic, D.M.; Zickermann, D.; Schindler, R.; Ludemann, R.; Willeke, G.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2002Application of X-ray synchrotron techniques to the characterization of the chemical nature and recombination activity of grown-in and process-induced defects and impurities in solar cells
Buonassisi, T.; Vyvenko, O.F.; Istratov, A.A.; Weber, E.R.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
2002Correlation of spatially resolved lifetime measurements with overall solar cell parameters
Isenberg, J.; Dicker, J.; Riepe, S.; Ballif, C.; Peters, S.; Lautenschlager, H.; Schindler, R.; Warta, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
2002Defect recognition and impurity detection techniques in crystalline silicon for solar-cells
Istratov, A.A.; Hieslmair, H.; Vyvenko, O.F.; Weber, E.R.; Schindler, R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2002Dotierverfahren zur Herstellung von Homouebergaengen in Halbleitersubstraten
Schindler, R.
Patent
2002Improving the efficiency of silicon ribbon solar cells using rapid thermal processing
Peters, S.; Ballif, C.; Borchert, D.; Radt, V.; Schindler, R.; Warta, W.; Willeke, G.; Häussler, C.; Lauinger, T.
Konferenzbeitrag
2002Lifetime investigations of degradation effects in processed multicrystalline silicon wafers
Ballif, C.; Peters, S.; Borchert, D.; Häussler, C.; Isenberg, J.; Schindler, R.; Warta, W.; Willeke, G.
Konferenzbeitrag
2002Rapid thermal surface passivation of silicon solar cells
Peters, S.; Ballif, C.; Borchert, D.; Huljic, D.M.; Lee, J.Y.; Preu, R.; Radt, V.; Schindler, R.; Schneiderlöchner, E.; Warta, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
2002Record fast thermal processing of 17.5 % efficient silicon solar cells
Peters, S.; Ballif, C.; Borchert, D.; Schindler, R.; Warta, W.; Willeke, G.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2002X-ray beam induced current - a synchrotron radiation based technique for the in situ analysis of recombination properties and chemical nature of metal clusters in silicon
Vyvenko, O.F.; Buonassisi, T.; Istratov, A.A.; Hieslmair, H.; Thompson, A.C.; Schindler, R.; Weber, E.R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2001Advanced diffusion system for low contamination in-line rapid thermal processing of silicon solar cells
Biro, D.; Preu, R.; Schulz, O.; Peters, S.; Huljic, D.M.; Zickermann, D.; Schindler, R.; Lüdemann, R.; Willeke, G.
Konferenzbeitrag
2001Optimized rapid thermal-process for high-efficiency silicon solar-cells
Noel, S.; Slaoui, A.; Peters, S.; Lautenschlager, H.; Schindler, R.; Müller, J.C.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2000Improvements and limits of the open circuit voltage of mc-silicon solar cells
Schindler, R.; Warta, W.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2000RTP solar cells from rapid solidified RGS material
Peters, S.; Schindler, R.; Höfs, H.-U.
Konferenzbeitrag
2000RTP-processed 17.5 % efficient silicon solar cells featuring a record small thermal budget
Peters, S.; Lautenschlager, H.; Warta, W.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1998Emitter surface passivation by rapid thermal processing
Noel, S.; Slaoui, A.; Lautenschlager, H.; Schindler, R.; Muller, J.C.
Konferenzbeitrag
1998Hydrogen passivation of low- and high-quality mc-silicon for high-efficiency solar cells
Lüdemann, R.; Hauser, A.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1998Impact of diffusion length distributions on the performance of mc-silicon solar cells
Warta, W.; Sutter, J.; Wagner, B.F.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1998Multicrystalline silicon solar cells with porous silicon selective emitter
Bilyalov, R.R.; Lautenschlager, H.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1996Advanced RTP of silicon solar cells
Breymesser, A.; Noel, S.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1996Open circuit voltage losses in multicrystalline silicon
Baldner, R.; Lautenschlager, H.; Schetter, C.; Schindler, R.; Warta, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
1996RGS-Foliengießverfahren
Höfs, H.-U.; Häßler, C.; Thurm, S.; Koch, W.; Schindler, R.; Hurrle, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
1996Single step rapid thermal diffusion for selective emitter formation and selective oxidation
Schindler, R.; Breymesser, A.; Lautenschlager, H.; Marckmann, C.; Noel, S.; Schubert, U.
Konferenzbeitrag
1996Technologien für multikristalline Silicium-Solarzellen mit hohem Wirkungsgrad
Schindler, R.; Lutz, F.; Wettling, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
1996Towards high efficiency multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Schindler, R.; Lautenschlager, H.; Lutz, F.; Schetter, C.; Wettling, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
1996VOC-limits of high efficiency mc-Si solar cells investigated by the mini solar cell (MSC) method
Baldner, R.; Glunz, S.W.; Schindler, R.; Warta, W.; Wettling, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
1995Single step rapid thermal diffusion for selective emitter formation
Noel, S.; Schindler, R.; Glunz, S.W.; Warta, W.; Wettling, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
1994Aktueller Stand der Solarzellenforschung
Schindler, R.; Knobloch, J.
Konferenzbeitrag
1994Aluminium back surface field doping profiles by conventional and rapid thermal processing
Hahne, P.; Wettling, W.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1994Aluminium gettering of Cobalt in Silicon
Apel, M.; Hanke, I.; Schindler, R.; Schröter, W.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
1994Diffusion length from spatial resolution of photoluminescence in silicon
Daub, E.; Klopp, P.; Kugler, S.; Würfel, P.; Schindler, R.; Warta, W.
Konferenzbeitrag
1994Low temperature formation of emitter and BSF by rapid thermal co-diffusion of P, Al or B
Hartiti, B.; Sivoththaman, S.; Schindler, R.; Nijs, J.; Muller, J.C.; Siffert, P.
Konferenzbeitrag
1994Properties of multicrystalline silicon heat treated by classical and rapid thermal processing
Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.; Sproul, A.B.; Lautenschlager, H.; Reis, I.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1994Rapid thermal annealed spin-on glass films for solar cell applications
Ventura, L.; Slaoui, A.; Schindler, R.; Loghmarti, M.; Muller, J.C.; Stuck, R.; Siffert, P.
Konferenzbeitrag
1994Towards high efficiency silicon solar cells by rapid thermal processing
Hartiti, B.; Schindler, R.; Slaoui, A.; Wagner, B.; Muller, J.C.; Reis, I.; Eyer, A.; Siffert, P.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
1993Optical thermal processing for silicon solar cells
Hartiti, B.; Slaoui, A.; Muller, J.C.; Siffert, P.; Wagner, B.; Schindler, R.; Eyer, A.; Räuber, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
1993Rapid optical thermal processing of silicon solar cells
Schindler, R.; Reis, I.; Wagner, B.; Eyer, A.; Lautenschlager, H.; Schetter, C.; Warta, W.; Hartiti, B.; Slaoui, A.; Muller, J.C.; Siffert, P.
Konferenzbeitrag
1991Defects in multicrystalline silicon
Schindler, R.; Rauber, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
1991Increasing cell efficiency of S-web silicon ribbon material using synthetic silica crucibles
Falckenberg, R.; Grabmaier, J.G.; Lerchenberger, A.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1991Texture etching of multicrystalline silicon
Kaiser, U.; Kaiser, M.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1990Hydrogen passivation of polycrystalline silicon solar cells by means of catalytic reactions
Kaiser, M.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1990Manufacture of SI ribbons by the S-WEB-technique
Schindler, R.; Lutz, F.; Falckenberg, R.; Grabmaier, J.G.; Eisenrith, K.-H.; Freienstein, B.; Lerchenberger, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
1990Silicium-Rampen-Wechselwirkung
Reis, I.; Hurrle, A.; Schindler, R.; Räuber, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
1990Verfahren zum Herstellen einer Solarzelle
Schindler, R.
Patent
1989Hydrogen passivation of silicon sheet material
Voss, B.; Schindler, R.; Knobloch, J.
Konferenzbeitrag
1989Present state of S-web SI ribbon manufacture, solar cells and modules
Schindler, R.; Falckenberg, R.; Freienstein, B.; Grabmaier, J.G.; Lerchenberger, A.; Münzer, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
1988Characterization of hydrogen passivated polycrystalline silicon solar cells
Schindler, R.; Lewalski, N.; Voss, B.
Konferenzbeitrag
1988Hydrogen implantation of silicon sheets
Pirzer, M.; Voß, B.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1988Hydrogen passivation of grain boundaries in silicon sheet material
Pirzer, M.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1987Crystal structure and electrical properties of silicon sheets grown from powder - SSP-Method
Schindler, R.; Reis, I.; Schillinger, N.; Grabmaier, J.G.; Eyer, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
1987Si-ribbon by the HSW technique - current status and perspective
Falckenberg, R.; Hoyler, G.; Grabmaier, J.G.; Lutz, F.; Schindler, R.
Konferenzbeitrag
1987Titanium gettering in silicon - investigation by deep level transient spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectroscopy
Leo, K.; Schindler, R.; Voß, B.; Knobloch, J.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
1986Limits of gettering possibilities in solar grade silicon
Leo, K.; Schindler, R.; Voss, B.; Knobloch, J.
Konferenzbeitrag