Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

Publica

Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.
2018Atmospheric pressure dry texturing enabling 20% conversion efficiency on multicrystalline silicon PERC solar cells
Kafle, B.; Ridoy, A.I.; Saint-Cast, P.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Duncker, K.; Petter, K.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.
Conference Paper
2018Development and characterization of multifunctional PECVD SiNX:P layers for laser-doped selective emitters
Norouzi, M.H.; Saint-Cast, P.; Lohmüller, E.; Weber, J.; Gutscher, S.; Bartsch, J.; Kluska, S.; Steinhauser, B.; Lohmüller, S.; Bitnar, B.; Neuhaus, D.-H.; Palinginis, P.; Benick, J.; Hofmann, M.; Wolf, A.
Conference Paper
2018Development of 4 nm-Thin PECVD aluminium oxide using plasma analysis and its application to PERC solar cells and modules
Hofmann, Marc; Wagenmann, Dirk; Teßmann, Christopher; Jäcklein, Martin; Saint-Cast, Pierre; Eberlein, Dirk; Kraft, Achim; Dippell, T.; May, F.; Dörr, M.; Cord, B.; Schütte, T.; Neiß, P.; Eichhorn, L.; Klick, M.; Richter, U.; Siemens, M.; Wiedemuth, P.
Conference Paper
2018Efficiency Gain Analysis of Silicon Passivated Emitter and Rear Solar Cells Solely Based on Measurements
Wasmer, S.; Horst, A. van der; Saint-Cast, P.; Greulich, J.M.
Conference Paper
2018Emitter Formation and Passivation Dependence on Crystal Grain Orientations after Atmospheric Pressure Dry Nanotexturing
Ridoy, A.I.; Kafle, B.; Saint-Cast, P.; Lohmüller, S.; Norouzi, M.H.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2018Fabrication of APCVD PSG Emitter-Based Industrial PERC Solar Cells Reaching >21.0% Conversion Efficiencies
Kafle, B.; Saint-Cast, P.; Belledin, U.; Lohmüller, S.; Zunft, H.; Knauss, H.; Palinginis, P.; Kusterer, C.; Köhler, R.; Zehl, T.; Wolf, A.; Hofmann, M.
Conference Paper
2018High-Efficiency Diamond Wire-Sawn mc-Si-Based PERC Solar Cells Textured by Atmospheric Pressure Dry Etching
Kafle, B.; Ridoy, A.I.; Saint-Cast, P.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Duncker, K.; Petter, K.; Peters, S.; Hofmann, M.
Conference Paper
2018Industry related approaches for bifacial p-type PERX solar cells
Fellmeth, T.; Meier, S.; Lohmüller, E.; Wöhrle, N.; Spribille, A.; Lohmüller, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Wolf, A.; Clement, F.; Rein, S.; Preu, R.; Nakahara, M.; Dhamrin, M.; Knauss, H.; Haverkamp, H.; Steckemetz, S.; Bitnar, B.; Weber, T.; Palinginis, P.; Neuhaus, H.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
2018Modeling-Free Efficiency Gain Analysis of Passivated Emitter and Rear Silicon Solar Cells
Wasmer, S.; Horst, A. van der; Saint-Cast, P.; Greulich, J.
Journal Article
2018Selective Emitter Using APCVD PSG Layer as Doping Source
Saint-Cast, P.; Belledin, U.; Lohmüller, E.; Kafle, B.; Weber, J.; Seren, S.; Lohmüller, S.; Wolf, A.; Hofmann, M.
Conference Paper
2018Towards 90% Bifaciality for p-Type Cz-Si Solar Cells by Adaption of Industrial PERC Processes
Lohmüller, E.; Lohmüller, S.; Norouzi, M.H.; Saint-Cast, P.; Weber, J.; Meier, S.; Wolf, A.
Conference Paper
2017Advances in PassDop technology: Recombination and optics
Steinhauser, B.; Büchler, A.; Nagel, H.; Gutscher, S.; Kluska, S.; Benick, J.; Saint-Cast, P.; Bartsch, J.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper, Journal Article
2017Analysis of the losses of industrial-type PERC solar cells
Saint-Cast, P.; Werner, S.; Greulich, J.; Jäger, U.; Lohmüller, E.; Höffler, H.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2017Bifacial p-type silicon PERL solar cells with screen-printed pure silver metallization and 89% bifaciality
Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Norouzi, M.H.; Mack, S.; Demant, M.; Gutscher, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Wasmer, S.; Wöhrle, N.; Bitnar, B.; Steckemetz, S.; Palinginis, P.; Neuhaus, H.; König, M.; Wolf, A.
Conference Paper
2017Development and characterization of AlOx/SiNx :B layer systems for surface passivation and local laser doping
Norouzi, M.H.; Saint-Cast, P.; Jaeger, U.; Steinhauser, B.; Benick, J.; Buechler, A.; Bitnar, B.; Palinginis, P.; Neuhaus, H.; Wolf, A.; Hofmann, M.
Journal Article
2017Development and characterization of multifunctional PassDop layers for local p+-laser doping
Norouzi, M.; Saint-Cast, P.; Lohmüller, E.; Steinhauser, B.; Benick, J.; Werner, S.; Bitnar, B.; Palinginis, P.; Neuhaus, H.; Hofmann, M.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
2017Experimental verification of internal resistance moldels for PERT-type solar cells
Meier, S.; Unmüßig, S.; Brand, A.; Saint-Cast, P.; Fellmeth, T.; Wolf, A.; Glunz, S.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
2017Increasing the efficiency of multicrystalline silicon PERC solar cells from currently 19% to 20%
Greulich, J.; Lohmüller, E.; Saint-Cast, P.; Werner, S.; Wasmer, S.; Horst, A.J. van der; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2017Internal resistance of rear totally diffused solar cells with line shaped contacts
Meier, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Wöhrle, N.; Fell, A.; Greulich, J.; Wolf, A.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Key aspects for fabrication of p-type Cz-Si PERC solar cells exceeding 22% conversion efficiency
Werner, S.; Lohmüller, E.; Saint-Cast, P.; Greulich, J.M.; Weber, J.; Schmidt, S.; Moldovan, A.; Brand, A.A.; Dannenberg, T.; Mack, S.; Wasmer, S.; Demant, M.; Linse, M.; Ackermann, R.; Wolf, A.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2017Low-Ohmic Contacting of Laser-Doped p-Type Silicon Surfaces with Pure Ag Screen-Printed and Fired Contacts
Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Norouzi, M.H.; Gutscher, S.; Demant, M.; Saint-Cast, P.; Linse, M.; Bitnar, B.; Palinginis, P.; Neuhaus, H.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2017On the nature of emitter diffusion and screen-printing contact formation on nanostructured silicon surfaces
Kafle, B.; Freund, T.; Schön, J.; Werner, S.; Lorenz, A.; Wolf, A.; Saint-Cast, P.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.
Journal Article
2017Rear passivated mc-Si solar cells textured by atmospheric pressure dry etching
Saint-Cast, P.; Kafle, B.; Pandey, R.; Ridoy, A.I.; Hofmann, M.; Clochard, L.; Schwarze, T.; Pittroff, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper, Journal Article
2017Validation of analytic modelling of local rear contacts in PERC/PERL solar cells
Saint-Cast, P.; Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.M.
Conference Paper
2016Activation Energy of Negative Fixed Charges in Thermal ALD Al2O3
Kühnhold-Pospischil, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Richter, A.; Hofmann, M.
Journal Article
2016Plasma-Free Dry-Chemical Texturing Process for High-Efficiency Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Kafle, B.; Freund, T.; Mannan, A.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Werner, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper, Journal Article
2016A study on Si/Al2O3 paramagnetic point defects
Kühnhold-Pospischil, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Weber, S.; Jakes, P.; Eichel, R.-A.; Granwehr, J.
Journal Article
2015Impact of rear side roughness on optical and electrical properties of a high-efficiency solar cell
Richter, M.; Saint-Cast, P.; Dannenberg, T.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
2015Manufacturing 100-µm-thick silicon solar cells with efficiencies greater than 20% in a pilot production line
Terheiden, B.; Ballmann, T.; Horbelt, R.; Schiele, Y.; Seren, S.; Ebser, J.; Hahn, G.; Mertens, V.; Koentopp, M.B.; Scherff, M.; Müller, J.W.; Holman, Z.C.; Descoeudres, A.; Wolf, S. de; Nicolas, S.M. de; Geissbuehler, J.; Ballif, C.; Weber, B.; Saint-Cast, P.; Rauer, M.; Schmiga, C.; Glunz, S.W.; Morrison, D.J.; Devenport, S.; Antonelli, D.; Busto, C.; Grasso, F.; Ferrazza, F.; Tonelli, E.; Oswald, W.
Journal Article
2014An analytical model for interdigitated back contact solar cells
Saint-Cast, P.; Padilla, M.; Kimmerle, A.; Reichel, C.
Journal Article
2014High-temperature Degradation in Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition Al2O3 Surface Passivation Layers on Crystalline Silicon
Kühnhold, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Kafle, B.; Hofmann, M.; Colonna, F.; Zacharias, M.
Journal Article
2014Inline processes for the stabilization of p-type crystalline Si solar cells against potential-induced degradation
Nagel, N.; Saint-Cast, P.; Glatthaar, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2014PECVD Al2O3 for Surface Passivation: A Review of Solar Cell and Thin Layer Characteristics Silicon Solar Cell
Kühnhold, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Paramanathan, R.; El-Safoury, M.; Kafle, B.; Kania, D.; Weiss, L.; Heo, Y.-H.; Billot, E.; Olwal, P.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2014Properties of the c-Si/Al2O3 interface of ultrathin atomic layer deposited Al2O3 layers capped by SiNx for c-Si surface passivation
Schuldis, D.; Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2014Vorrichtung und Verfahren zum Aufbringen einer Aluminiumoxidschicht auf ein Halbleitersubstrat
Saint-Cast, Pierre; Hofmann, Marc; Rentsch, Jochen; Preu, Ralf
Patent
2013High-power-plasma PECVD of SiNx and Al2O3 for industrial solar cell manufacturing
Hofmann, M.; Kohn, N.; Schwarz, F.; Nölker, S.; Kastl, S.; Beckmann, R.; Ferré, R.; Pernau, T.; Trogus, D.; Kühnhold, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Rentsch, J.
Conference Paper
2013Potential-induced degradation on cell level: The inversion model
Saint-Cast, P.; Nagel, H.; Wagenmann, D.; Schön, J.; Schmitt, P.; Reichel, C.; Glunz, S.W.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2012The European Project 20PLµS: 20 percent efficiency on less than 100 µm thick industrially feasible crystalline-Si solar cells
Terheiden, B.; Horbelt, R.; Schiele, Y.; Seren, S.; Ebser, J.; Hahn, G.; Morrison, D.; Heasman, K.; Devenport, S.; Holman, Z.; Descoeudres, A.; Wolf, S. de; Baliff, C.; Saint-Cast, P.; Michl, B.; Schmiga, C.; Weber, B.; Glunz, S.W.; Koentopp, M.B.; Scherff, M.; Ballmann, T.; Müller, J.W.; Antonelli, D.; Busto, C.; Grasso, F.; Ferrazza, F.; Tonelli, E.; Baert, K.; Duerinckx, F.; Cacciato, A.; Oswald, W.
Conference Paper
2012High-temperature stability of c-Si surface passivation by thick PECVD Al2O3 with and without hydrogenated capping layers
Saint-Cast, P.; Kania, D.; Heller, R.; Kuehnhold, S.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
2012Impact of thermal treatment on PECVD Al2O3 passivation layers
Kühnhold, S.; Kafle, B.; Kroely, L.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
2012Recombination on locally processed wafer surfaces
Saint-Cast, P.; Nekarda, J.; Hofmann, M.; Kuehnhold, S.; Preu, R.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
2012A review of PECVD aluminum oxide for surface passivation
Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Kühnhold, S.; Kania, D.; Weiss, L.; Heo, Y.-H.; Billot, E.; Olwal, P.; Trogus, D.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2012Synergistic effects of rear-surface passivation and the metal wrap through concept
Thaidigsmann, B.; Drews, A.; Fellmeth, T.; Saint-Cast, P.; Wolf, A.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2012Thermal stability investigations of PECVD Al2O3 films discussing a possibility of improving surface passivation by re-hydrogenation after high temperature processes
Kafle, B.; Kühnhold, S.; Beyer, W.; Lindekugel, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.
Conference Paper
2012Very low surface recombination velocity of boron doped emitter passivated with plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor-deposited AlOx layers
Saint-Cast, P.; Richter, A.; Billot, E.; Hofmann, M.; Benick, J.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article, Conference Paper
201120%-Efficient Rear Side Passivated Solar Cells in Pilot Series Designed for Conventional Module Assembling
Mohr, A.; Engelhart, P.; Klenke, C.; Wanka, S.; Stekolnikov, A.; Scherff, M.; Seguin, R.; Tardon, S.; Rudolph, T.; Hofmann, M.; Stenzel, F.; Lee, J.; Diez, S.; Wendt, J.; Schmidt, S.; Müller, J.W.; Wawer, P.; Hofmann, M.; Saint-Cast, P.
Conference Paper
2011Impact of thin intermediate thermal oxide films on the properties of PECVD passivation layer systems
Wolf, A.; Mack, S.; Brosinsky, C.; Hofmann, M.; Saint-Cast, P.; Biro, D.
Conference Paper
2011Metal pinning through rear passivation layers: Characterization and effects on solar cells
Saint-Cast, P.; Haunschild, J.; Schwab, C.; Billot, E.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper, Journal Article
2011Silicon surface passivation by thin thermal oxide/PECVD layer stack systems
Mack, S.; Wolf, A.; Brosinsky, C.; Schmeisser, S.; Kimmerle, A.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Biro, D.
Journal Article
2011Surface Passivation of Highly and Lowly Doped P-Type Silicon Surfaces with PECVD Al2O3 for Industrially Applicable Solar Cell Concepts
Saint-Cast, P.; Billot, E.; Olwal, P.; Kühnhold, S.; Richter, A.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2011Variation of the layer thickness to study the electrical property of PECVD Al2O3 / C-Si interface
Saint-Cast, P.; Heo, Y.-H.; Billot, E.; Olwal, P.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Glunz, S.W.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper, Journal Article
2010Advanced analytical model for the effective recombination velocity of locally contacted surfaces
Saint-Cast, P.; Rüdiger, M.; Wolf, A.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2010High efficiency p-type PERC solar cells applying PECVD ALOx layers
Saint-Cast, P.; Benick, J.; Kania, D.; Billot, E.; Richter, A.; Hermle, M.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2010High temperature stability of PECVD aluminium oxide layers applied as negatively charged passivation on c-Si surfaces
Kania, D.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2010High-efficiency c-Si solar cells passivated with ALD and PECVD aluminum oxide
Saint-Cast, P.; Benick, J.; Kania, D.; Weiss, L.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2010Industrial deposition of PECVD AIOx for rear passivation of PERC-type mc-SI solar cells
Rentsch, J.; Sperlich, H.-P.; Kohn, N.; Kania, D.; Saint-Cast, P.; Schetter, C.; Hofmann, M.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2010P-type Cz-Si PERC-type solar cells applying PECVD aluminium oxide rear surface passivation
Saint-Cast, P.; Kania, D.; Billot, E.; Weiss, L.; Hofmann, M.; Gautero, L.; Kohn, N.; Biro, D.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2009Firing stable passivation with a-Si/SiNx stack layers for crystalline silicon solar cells
Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Dimitrova, T.; Wagenmann, D.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2009Industrial negatively charged c-Si surface passivation by inline PECVD AlOx
Kania, D.; Saint-Cast, P.; Wagenmann, D.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2009Overview on crystalline silicon solar cells using PECVD rear passivation and laser-fired contacts
Hofmann, M.; Saint-Cast, P.; Suwito, D.; Seiffe, J.; Schmidt, C.; Kambor, S.; Gautero, L.; Kohn, N.; Nekarda, J.-F.; Leimenstoll, A.; Wagenmann, D.; Erath, D.; Catoir, J.; Wolke, W.; Janz, S.; Biro, D.; Grohe, A.; Rentsch, J.; Glunz, S.W.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2009Relevant pinhole characterisation methods for dielectric layers for silicon solar cells
Saint-Cast, P.; Tanay, F.; Aleman, M.; Reichel, C.; Bartsch, J.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2009Towards a-Si:H rear passivated industrial-type silicon solar cells
Hofmann, M.; Saint-Cast, P.; Bareis, D.; Wagenmann, D.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2009Very low surface recombination velocity on p-type c-Si by high-rate plasma-deposited aluminum oxide
Saint-Cast, P.; Kania, D.; Hofmann, M.; Benick, J.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Journal Article